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Udaipur was founded in 1553,by Maharana Udai Singh 2nd

  • Udaipur was founded in 1553,by Maharana Udai Singh 2nd
  • Udaipur with its lakes lies on the south slope of the Aravalli Range in Rajasthan.
  • Being located in the desert lands of Rajasthan, the climate and weather of Udaipur is usually hot.

(IIP) - Udaipur was founded in 1553,by Maharana Udai Singh 2nd in the fertile circular Girwa Valley to the southwest of Nagda, on the Banas River. The city was established as the new capital of the Mewar kingdom. This area already had a thriving trading town, Ayad, which had served as capital of Mewar in the 10th through 12th centuries.The Girwa region was thus already well-known to Chittaud rulers who moved to it whenever the vulnerable tableland Chittaurgarh was threatened with enemy attacks. Maharana Udai Singh II, in the wake of 16th century emergence of artillery warfare, decided during his exile at Kumbhalgarh to move his capital to a more secure location. Ayad was flood-prone, hence he chose the ridge east of Pichola Lake to start his new capital city, where he came upon a hermit while hunting in the foothills of the Aravalli Range. The hermit blessed the king and guided him to build a palace on the spot, assuring him it would be well protected. Udai Singh II consequently established a residence on the site. In November 1567, the Mughal emperor Akbar laid siege to the venerated fort of Chittor. To protect Udaipur from External attacks, Maharana Udai Singh built a six kilometre long city wall, with seven gates,namely Surajpole, Chandpole, Udiapole, Hathipole, Ambapole, Brahmpole and so on. The area within these walls and gates is still known as the old city or the walled city.

Topography

Udaipur is located in the southern region of Rajasthan, near the Gujarat border
Udaipur with its lakes lies on the south slope of the Aravalli Range in Rajasthan. The Northern part of the district consists generally of elevated plateaus, while the eastern part has vast stretches of fertile plains. The southern part is covered with rocks, Hills and dense Forest.

Climate

Udaipur city has particularly a tropical climate. The three main seasons, summer, monsoon and winter respectively, dominate the city of Udaipur. Being located in the desert lands of Rajasthan, the climate and weather of Udaipur is usually hot. The summer season runs from mid-March to June and touches temperature ranging from 23 °C to 44 °C  in the months of March to June. Monsoons arrive in the month of July.

Things to do in Udaipur
Popularly referred to as the Venice of the East, there are plenty of things to do in Udaipur when you’re visiting from out of town. The city is especially popular with international tourists, and is considered one of India’s most romantic destinations. Those looking to execute an action-packed itinerary will have lots to do—Udaipur is brimming with attractions that will keep you on your toes from morning to night. Founded back in 1559 by Maharaja Udai Singh, this was the final capital of the Rajput kingdom of Mewar—which is why it is home to some of the most beautiful and well-preserved palaces, temples and havelis. Today, it is a shining example of heritage tourism in India, and we tell you how to make the most of your trip.
Spend an evening taking a stroll around Dudh Talai. Home to two lush parks—the M.L Verma Garden and the Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Park—Dudh Talai offers the perfect escape from the hassles of city life. M.L Verma Garden is a rock garden that has panoramic views of the twinkling Lake Pichola and Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Park, often known as the Dudh Talai Musical Garden, houses a spectacular music fountain. 
Being a beautiful city in itself, it is but obvious that things to do in Udaipur include a few romantic getaways. To start the romantic sojourn, you might like to take a boat ride on the waters of the stunning Pichola Lake. Located at the heart of the city, this picturesque lake is believed to be built by a local gypsy in the 14th century and later consolidated by the ruler of Mewar, Rana Udai Singh II in the 16th century. To set the bar a bit higher, you can even book your stay at Taj Lake Palace, a hotel managed by the legendary Taj Group. Originally called Jag Niwas, this 18th century royal palace is on one of the four islands in Lake Pichola. Continue your mush rush with a dinner date in any of Udaipur’s upscale restaurants like Neel Kamal, Ambrai, Savage Garden, Udai Kothi and Upre by 1559 AD.
The hilltop palace of Sajjan Garh is a 19th century monsoon palace located on Banswara hill. Be there to witness a mesmerizing sunset with the backdrop of the countryside. This place also serves as an ideal vantage point to take in breathtaking views of Udaipur city. 
Last but not the least, a heritage trail in the City Palace is a must in your things to do in Udaipur list. Custodian of the glory of the city, this sprawling structure is the largest palace in Rajasthan and the mere first look at it will leave you speechless. Built by Maharana Udai Singh, the founder of Udaipur in the 16th century, this palace is home to a series of mahals, courtyards and private chambers, connected by narrow passages. The art connoisseur in you will derive unearthly pleasures at the sights of traditional Mewari paintings, colourful mosaics, stained glass windows and beautiful mirror-work.

Places to visit in Udaipur

Fantastic palaces, havelis, temples, countless narrow alleys and the idyllic Lake Pichola—there are plenty of places to visit in Udaipur. Home to aesthetically restored havelis and the intricately crafted palaces (many of them converted to upscale hotels), Udaipur is steeped in royalty. Explore the ornate Rajput architecture of the City Palace, Saheliyon ki Bari and Bagore ki Haveli, catch a glimpse of the magnificent central dome at the 17th century Jagdish Temple or take in panoramic views of this majestic city atop the Sajjan Garh Monsoon Palace—there’s lots to do here. While you’re in Udaipur, witness the captivating Light and Sound Show at City Palace. With its old-world charm, regal palaces, vibrant markets and well-known eateries, Udaipur is matchless in its grandeur.

Hotels in Udaipur

Hosting a large number of tourists at any given time, the hotels in Udaipur are equipped to cater to every type of traveller. So whether you’re in town on business, vacationing with the family or on a romantic getaway—there’s no dearth of accommodation to choose from. Ranging from five stars housed within opulent forts and luxury resorts within palaces, to budget accommodation and midrange havelis; the city of Udaipur offers a wide range of accommodation to suit your needs. You could splurge on decadence and live like a king, or alternatively settle for something more modest—either way, you won’t be disappointed.

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