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Ayurveda is a traditional Indian holistic medicine practice

  • Ayureveda in India

Highlights

  • Ayurveda is the native Indian system of healthcare that is currently used by millions of people in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka for their day-to-day healthcare needs
  • In India, there are more than 240 colleges that offer a graduate-level degree

Ayurveda is the native Indian system of healthcare that is currently used by millions of people in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka for their day-to-day healthcare needs. Though the literature related to Ayurveda is found in the Vedas, it attained a comprehensively documented form known as the “Samhitas” at the turn of the first millennium BC. The “Gurukula” system of education was the method of the Ayurveda training that was generally followed in ancient India. A “Gurukula” was a place where a teacher or “Guru” lived with his family and establishment, and trained the students. Caraka Samhita, one of the most popular textbooks on Ayurveda, delineates the process of selecting a suitable textbook and also an appropriate teacher by a disciple besides describing the three ideal methods of learning: self-study, teaching and discussions. The Gurukula system of education suffered a setback during the medieval and colonial periods of Indian history. After the independence, as Ayurveda began to be incorporated into the modern pattern of institutionalization, some of the merits of such an ancient system of education seem to have been compromised.

“Ayurveda” is an ancient system of healthcare that is native to India. At present, in India, there are more than 240 colleges that offer a graduate-level degree (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery—BAMS) in Ayurveda. Even though the Central Council of Indian Medicine, the governing body that monitors the matters related to Ayurveda education, has imposed various educational norms and regulations, the standard of education has been a cause of concern in recent years. The mushrooming of substandard Ayurvedic colleges is the most important factor that is being held responsible for this kind of erosion in the standards. The present study is a mailed survey, which was carried out to evaluate the “Extent of exposure to basic clinical skills during BAMS course” as perceived by the sample groups of students and teachers drawn from 32 Ayurvedic educational institutions spread all over India. A methodically validated questionnaire was used as the tool in the study, to which 1022 participants responded. The study indicates that there are some serious flaws in the existing system of the graduate-level Ayurveda education. Since the Ayurvedic graduates play an important role in the primary healthcare delivery system of the country, governing bodies are required to take necessary steps to ensure the adequate exposure of the students to basic clinical skills. Along with the strict implementation of all the regulatory norms during the process of recognition of the colleges, introducing some changes in the policy model may also be required to tackle the situation.


Essential Information
Ayurveda is a traditional Indian holistic medicine practice. Many prospective Ayurvedic practitioners study at accredited institutions in India. Although the United States does not have an objective standard governing the training of Ayurveda practitioners, there are accredited Ayurveda schools in the U.S. that offer certificate programs for aspiring practitioners. These programs include topics like psychology and Ayurvedic therapeutic techniques. Students in accredited U.S. schools can typically earn a certificate in Ayurvedic studies in two years or less. In order to enter an Ayurvedic certificate program, one must have a passing score on a biology and life sciences skills test.

Ayurveda Studies Certificate
Ayurveda studies certificate program coursework includes topics such as herb therapy, surgery and therapy. Ayurveda studies programs usually include practical coursework in patient care, office management and marketing.

Students looking to learn ayurveda in a certificate program must first complete high school or obtain General Educational Development (GED) certificates. Admissions to an ayurveda studies program rarely require scores from the SAT or ACT test. Before students begin learning ayurveda, programs often require a skills test to demonstrate proficiency in biology and life sciences. Students in this program may take courses in the following subjects:

Nidana, or ayurvedic diagnosis
Pathology
Manasa roga, or ayurvedic psychiatry
Dravyaguna, or ayurvedic pharmacology
Patient care
Popular Career Options
After earning a certificate in ayurveda studies, students are ready for careers in the following professions, though some might require additional training and professional licensing:

Yoga instructor
Physical therapist
Massage therapist
Nutritionist
Continuing Education Information
Ayurveda is taken seriously by a significant percentage of the global population. Individuals looking to practice ayurvedic medicine as licensed physicians need a medical degree, either a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) or an Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) from an accredited medical school. A certificate in ayurveda studies may be combined with an associate's or bachelor's degree for a career in physical therapy, nutrition, or nursing.

Ayurveda certificate training programs teach students the skills to holistically treat a person's ailments. Graduates from these programs can find work in a number of alternative medicine fields, though those wishing to practice as licensed physicians will need to earn a medical degree.

Best Ayurveda colleges in India

Shri Dhanwantri Ayurvedic College, Chandigarh
Shri Dhanwantri Ayurvedic College, a centre of excellence & state of art in Ayurvedic medical study and treatment, was established in 1975 by a group of philanthropists for the growth and development of Ayurveda in Chandigarh. The college offers BAMS (Graduate) and Post Graduate courses. It is located at Sector 46-B, Chandigarh. It has super-specialty Ayurveda services with modern facilities. The college is affiliated to Punjab University, Chandigarh. The intake capacity for BAMS is 50.

Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences was founded in 1996 in Bangalore by the Government of Karnataka for the promotion of higher education in the health sector in that state. About 680 colleges are affiliated to this university. The university and its affiliated colleges are conducting health science courses such as Medicine, Dentistry, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Physiotherapy, Pharmacy, Nursing and Allied Sciences. The university is offering ayurvedic courses-BAMS, MS and MD.

Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar
Gujarat Ayurved University is an autonomous organization, fully funded by the Government of Gujarat. The University was founded in 1967 in Jamnagar. The university offering many courses in Ayurveda such as Ph.D. in Medicinal plants, M.Sc. in medicinal plants,  Ph.D (Ayu), BAMS, MD (Ayu), B.Pharm (Ayu), D.Pharm (Ayu), M.Pharm (Ayu), PG Diploma in Yoga & Naturopathy, Introductory Course in Ayurveda and Certificate Course in Yoga and Naturopathy.

JB Roy State Medical College, Kolkata
JB Roy Medical College is one of the oldest ayurvedic colleges in India. The college was established in 1916. The college offers BAMS degree with intake capacity of 60. It is affiliated to West Bengal University of Health Sciences.

Ayurvedic Medical College, Kolhapur
Ayurvedic Medical College, Kolhapur is founded in 1989 and affiliated to Maharashtra University of Health Science, Nashik. The college offer BAMS degree and known for modern facilities and infrastructures. The intake capacity of the college is 60.

State Ayurvedic College of Lucknow
The State Ayurvedic College & Hospital, Lucknow is affiliated to University of Lucknow.  The college is known for its quality education with intake capacity of 50. It offers both Undergraduate and Post Graduate courses in Ayurveda.

Shri Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Nagpur
Shri Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya is a premier institution is credited with modern facilities and quality education. The known ayurveda central India College was established in 1953. The college is affiliated to Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik. It offers courses undergraduate, post graduate and doctorate. In the undergraduate course, the college offers 13 disciplines.

Rishikul Government PG Ayurvedic College & Hospital, Haridwar
Rishikul State Ayurvedic College is one of the oldest ayurvedic colleges, was established in 1919 at Haridwar. It offers courses in BAMS, MD (Ayu), Ayurveda Nursing and Diploma in Panchkarma Therapist. It is known for its quality education and state of art facilities for students.

Dayanand Ayurvedic College, Jalandhar
Dayanand Ayurvedic College was established in 1989 by Mahatma Hans Raj at Lahore but due to partition in 1947, it was re-established at Amritsar and later shifted to Jalandhar in 1953. It offers courses in BAMS, Panchkarma and Certificate Course in Therapeutic Yoga. The college is affiliated to Punjab University.

Asthang Ayurveda College, Indore
Government Asthang Ayurveda College, Indore is also one of the oldest ayurved colleges in India. It was founded in 1921, got affiliation to Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya in 1964 and renamed as Government Asthang Ayuved College in 1972. The college offers courses in BAMS, Ayurved Compounder Certificate Course and Ayurved Mahila Health Workers Certificate Course. The BAMS Course has intake capacity of 40.

National Institute of Ayurved, Jaipur
National Institute of Ayurveda was established on 7th February 1976 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The Institute is known both nationally and internationally. It is known for Teaching, Training, Research and Patient Care. It has courses like Ph.D., Graduate, and Diploma Course in AYUSH Nursing & Pharmacy.

Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Mumbai
It’s the part of Ayurvidya Prasark Mandal that is formed in 1948-49. The college offers undergraduate (BAMS) and post graduate (MD) courses. The intake capacity of BAMS is 40.

Ayurvedic and Unani Tibia College, New Delhi
Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College traces its history since 1889. The college is affiliated to University of Delhi. It offers courses in BAMS and BUMS. There are 28 Departments (14 Deptt. for each system) and a Hospital with 150 beds attached to the College where practical training is given to the students. Post graduate course (MD) is also offered in the subjects of Kriya Sharir & Kayachikitsa of Ayurved Medicine and in the subject of Moalejat of Unani Medicine.

Bharati Vidyapeeth, Pune
Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University College of Ayurved is known both nationally and internationally. It is one of the few institutions in India that offers post graduate course in all the 14 departments with intake capacity of 57 and PG Diploma in 06 subjects with intake capacity of 12 and BAMS with intake capacity of 100. It has well-equipped modern facilities.

Shri Krishna Government Ayurvedic College, Kurukshetra
Shri Krishna Government Ayurvedic College was established in 1975. The college is affiliated to Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra. It offers course BAMS with intake capacity of 50. It has 14 departments with 100 bedded hospital. Shri Krishna Government Ayurvedic College is the only Government Ayurvedic College of Government of Haryana.

Rajiv Gandhi Government Ayurvedic College, Kangra
Rajiv Gandhi Government Ayurvedic College was founded in 1966. It offers BAMS and MD (Ayu) courses

NTR University of Health Science, Vijayawada
All the seven affiliated colleges of NTR University of Health Science offer BAMS courses

Government Ayurvedic College, Raipur
Government Ayurveda College, Raipur was established as in 1948. It offers BAMS course.

State Ayurvedic College & Hospital Gurukul Kangri Haridwar
State Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Gurukul Kangri Haridwar, is amongst the oldest Ayuvedic College of the country. It was established in 1922 by renowned social reformer, freedom fighter and Aryasamaji,Swami Shraddha Nand ji. It offers BAMS course.

Government Ayurvedic College, Nagpur
Government Ayurvedic College, Nagpur was established in 1965. It offers BAMS course.

Important Ayurveda Colleges in India are:

  • Gomatesh Ayurvedic Medical College
  • Sri Sri College of Ayurvedic Science & Research
  • Sushrutha Group of Institutions, Bangalore
  • Acharya Deshbhushan College of Education
  • Muniyal Institute of Ayurveda Medical Sciences
  • Ramakrishna Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre
  • Atreya Ayurvedic Medical College
  • Sri Kalabyrabveshwara Swamy Ayurvedic College
  • Rural Ayurveda Medical College Hospital & Research Centre
  • Government Ayurveda Medical College & Hospital
  • KMCT Ayurveda Medical College
  • Vaidyaratnam Ayurved College
  • Pankaja Kasthuri Ayurved Medical College
  • Shree Narayana Institute of Ayurved Studies and Research
  • Amala Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre
  • Sree Narayana Institute of Ayurvedic Studies and Research
  • Government Ayurved College

     
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