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Varanasi(Banaras)

  • Varanasi

Highlights

  • Varanasi also known as Benares Banaras or Kashi...a city on the banks of the Ganges in Uttar Pradesh, North India, 320 kilometres south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and 121 kilometres east of Allahabad.
  • Apart from the 19 archaeological sites identified by the Archaeological Survey of India,some of the prominent places of interest are the Aghor Peeth, the Alamgir Mosque, the Ashoka Pillar, the Bharat Kala Bhawan

(IIP) - Varanasi(Banaras)
Varanasi also known as Benares Banaras or Kashi...a city on the banks of the Ganges in Uttar Pradesh, North India, 320 kilometres south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and 121 kilometres east of Allahabad. The spiritual capital of India, it is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism. Varanasi lies along National Highway 2, which connects it to Kolkata, Kanpur, Agra, and Delhi, and is served by Varanasi Junctionand Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport.
Varanasi grew as an important industrial centre, famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. Buddha is believed to have founded Buddhism here around 528 BC when he gave his first sermon, "The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of Dharma", at nearby Sarnath. The city's religious importance continued to grow in the 8th century, when Adi Shankaraestablished the worship of Shiva as an official sect of Varanasi.

Geography
Varanasi is located at an elevation of 80.71 metres (264.8 ft)in the centre of the Ganges valley of North India, in the Eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh, along the left crescent-shaped bank of the Ganges, averaging between 15 metres (50 ft) and 21 metres (70 ft) above the river

Climate

Varanasi experiences a humid subtropical climate with large variations between summer and winter temperatures.The dry summer starts in April and lasts until June, followed by the monsoon season from July to October. The temperature ranges between 22 and 46 °C in the summers. Winters in Varanasi see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights.

Culture

Varanasi is a major centre of arts and designs. It is a producer of silks and brocades with gold and silver thread work, carpet weaving, wooden toys, bangles made of glass, ivory work, perfumes, artistic brass and copper ware and a variety of handicrafts.

Apart from the 19 archaeological sites identified by the Archaeological Survey of India,some of the prominent places of interest are the Aghor Peeth, the Alamgir Mosque, the Ashoka Pillar, the Bharat Kala Bhawan, the Bharat Mata Temple, the Central University for Tibetan Studies, the Dhanvantari Temple, the Durga Temple, the Jantar Mantar, the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, the New Vishwanath Temple on the BHU campus, the Ramnagar Fort, the Riverfront Ghats, the Tulsi Manas Temple.

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