Pottery of khurja.
- There are about 15,000 artisans as official employees while about 25,000 unofficial employees
- Khurja, earlier a potter`s village, became a centre for blue pottery
(IIP) - Origin of Khurja’s pottery work has been said with at least two different stories. In one legend, Afghan King Taimur Lung accompanied Egyptian and Syrian potters during his campaign in the Khurja region over 500 years ago.In another legend, potters had been moved to the region during Mughal Empire while another version says there we no long historical events in accordance with pottery tradition in Khurja.
IN THE 14th century,some potters from Timurlane`s retreating army stayed on at Khurja, Delhi, Jaipur and Multan (Pakistan) and set up blue pottery workshops. The potters were from Egypt, Syria, Turkey and Persia.
Khurja, earlier a potter`s village, became a centre for blue pottery,and later on of glazed ceramic ware,though unlike in Jaipur (Rajasthan),the raw material has clay mixed in the feldspar and quartz.The pottery has identifiable painted floral patterns,in shades of blue and brown, on an off-white background.A thick slip is used to raise some motifs in relief.The potters have also developed orange,brown, and light red glazes.Chinhat,which is in Lucknow district in central Uttar Pradesh, also originally a potter`s village, is a smaller cluster for ceramics and glazed terracotta.Chinhat ceramics have a rough appeal and characteristics green and brown glazes.The low plasticity of clay makes throwing a little difficult so most of the forms are cast.
There are about 15,000 artisans as official employees while about 25,000 unofficial employees who work in 500-odd units and nearly 400 factories, making worldwide famous pottery or ceramic items. They produce several kinds of items such as crockery wares, art wares, electrical goods, sanitary wares, tiles, household items, etc.Various main raw materials such as kaolinite, plastic ball clay, quartz, potash feldspar, fire clay, Bikaner clay, Kundan clay are used for production and most of them are received from various parts of India. Zinc oxide, zirconia, barium carbonate, chromium oxide and soda feldspar chemicals are used as auxiliary raw materials.