BLACK POTTERY OF NIZAMABAD
- THE POTTERS OF Nizamabad make unique thrown black pottery incised with silver motifs that resemble the metal bidri ware of Hyderabad
- The pottery are made with locally available fine textured clay
(IIP) - THE POTTERS OF Nizamabad make unique thrown black pottery incised with silver motifs that resemble the metal bidri ware of Hyderabad.The black colour of the pottery is the outcome of a clay slip and reduction firing.The kabiz,clay slip,contains,among other things,mango bark,bamboo leaves adn adusath leaves,all of which cardonize on firing.Thrown pots are dried and smoothened with ghont,a quartz river stone.Engraving is done freehand by the women with a paste of mercury,lead and zinc.The motifs are derived from nature.Firing is done in an open kiln by placing dung cakes between the wares and covering the heap with straw and mud.According to historical accounts the art of black pottery came from Gujarat.The ancestors of the potters had accompained Abdul Farah Nizamabadi to the village during the reign of Emperor Alamgarh,400 years ago.The craftsmen sell their wares only in Mumbai.
The pottery are made with locally available fine textured clay. The clay mould are prepared in different shapes and are backed in kiln. Later these clay wares are washed with powdered vegetable matter and are rubbed with mustard oil. They are decorated with floral and geometric patterned grooves using sharp twigs. They are smoke fired with rice husk in enclosed kiln which gives its unique shiny black surface. They are again rubbed with oil and baked in kiln. The grooves on clay wares are then filled with silvery powder of Zinc and Mercury, washed with water and polished again. Lead or Tin Amalgams are also used.The silver powder gives shiny hue against black background of clay. Sometimes they are coated with lacquer whrn they are still hot to give them shine.
The variety of household and decorative items are made including vases, plates, pots, lamps, tea-pots, bowls, vessels, incense stick holders and statues of Hindu religious figures. Surahi, a long-necked water pot, is a popular item.